The basic concepts and vocabulary conventions for the MIL 3D Metrology module are:
Depth. A measurement extending from the surface of the object to the XY-plane (that is, the Z=0 plane), in world units.
Depth map. An image where the gray value of a pixel represents its depth in the world.
Fully corrected depth map. A depth map that accurately represents the height and shape of portrayed objects; its pixels represent a constant size in X and Y in the world. Note that, when dealing with depth maps, the size of the pixels is not necessarily square.
Initial fit estimate. Specifies an initial estimate for the position of a 3D geometry, relative to the point cloud or depth map, at the start of the fitting operation.
Mesh. A triangulated surface generated for a point cloud.
Pose. The established position and orientation of an object in space.
Reference plane. A plane with a known height and orientation, and used as a measure against which to compute distances, angles, volumes, or other calculations.
Root-mean-square (RMS) error. In the MIL 3D Metrology module, the RMS error is a measure of the overall distance between two MIL objects. A lower error indicates a smaller overall distance between the two MIL objects, and vice versa.
XY-plane. The plane defined by the equation Z=0 in a world coordinate system.
XZ-plane. The plane defined by the equation Y=0 in a world coordinate system.